SSL Certificate Installation on Nginx

SSL Certificate Installation on Nginx

This article will walk you through the steps to install your ពួកគេផ្តល់វិញ្ញាបនបត្រ SSL on Nginx and set up an automated redirect from HTTP:// to HTTPS://.

1) Upload the certificates on the server where your website is hosted

Having completed the ការបង្កើតកូដ CSR និង SSL activation steps, you will receive a zip file with the Sectigo (previously known as Comodo) Certificates via email.

ជាជម្រើសអ្នកអាចធ្វើបាន ទាញយកពួកវា from your 1Byte Account panel.

ចំណាំ: If you choose NGINX server when activating the certificate, you’ll receive a zip file containing a Certificate file, with the ‘.crt’ extension, and a Certificate Authority (CA) bundle file, with the ‘.ca-bundle’ extension.

Upload both files to your server whatever way you prefer. By using an FTP client, for example.

You can also download the Bundle file for each Certificate.

2) Combine all the certificates into a single file

You need to have all the Certificates (your_domain.crt និង your_domain.ca-bundle) combined in a single ‘.crt’ file.

The Certificate for your ឈ្មោះដែន should come first in the file, followed by the chain of Certificates (CA Bundle).

Enter the directory where you uploaded the certificate files. Run the following command to combine the files:

$ cat your_domain.crt your_domain.ca-bundle >> your_domain_chain.crt

សូម​ចំណាំ that if the certificate files were downloaded from your 1Byte account, the best command to use will be:

$ cat your_domain.crt > your_domain_chain.crt ; echo >> your_domain_chain.crt ; cat your_domain.ca-bundle >> your_domain_chain.crt

Alternatively, you can combine the files using ឧបករណ៍អនឡាញនេះ and following the steps below:

  • បើកទូលាយ your_domain.crt file in a text editor and copy the certificate code, including the ‘—–BEGIN CERTIFICATE—–‘ and ‘—–END CERTIFICATE—–‘ tags.
  • សូមចូលទៅកាន់ decoder.link និងបើក SSL&CSR Decoder ផ្ទាំង។
  • បិទភ្ជាប់ your_domain.crt text code to the required field and hit ឌិកូដ.
  • Next, scroll down the results and find Bundle (Nginx) ផ្នែកនៅក្នុង ព័ត៌មាន​ទូទៅ ជាផ្នែកមួយ។
  • Click on the floppy disk icon over on the right to download the generated file.
  • The ‘nginx_bundle.zip’ file will be downloaded to your PC. Unzip it and use the nginx_bundle_l3s4k9n1l0s3.crt file (the ‘l3s4k9n1l0s3′ part of the name is a random alphanumeric string) for installation.

តែប៉ុណ្ណឹង!

3) Creating a separate Nginx server block or Modifying the existing configuration file

To install the SSL certificate on Nginx, you need to show the server which files to use, either by a) creating a new configuration file, or b) editing the existing one.

a) By adding a new configuration file for the website you can make sure that there are no issues with the separate configuration file. Furthermore, it will be quite easier to troubleshoot the installation in case of any issues with the new configuration.

We suggest creating a new configuration file in this folder:

/etc/nginx/conf.d

That can be done via this command:

sudo nano /etc/nginx/conf.d/Your_domain*-ssl.conf

ដែលជាកន្លែងដែល Your_domain*-ssl.conf is the name of the newly created file.

Next, copy and paste one of the below server blocks for the 443 port and edit the directories. Ensure the ឈ្មោះម៉ាស៊ីនបម្រើ និង path to webroot match in both the server block for port 80 and the one for port 443. If you have any other important values that need to be saved, move them to the newly created server block too.

b) Edit the default configuration file of the web-server, which is named nginx.conf. It should be in one of these folders:

/usr/local/nginx/conf
/etc/nginx
/usr/local/etc/nginx

You can also use this command to find it:

sudo find / -type f -iname “nginx.conf”

Once you find it, open the file with:

sudo nano nginx.conf

Then copy and paste one of the server blocks for the 443 port given below and edit the directories according to your server block for the 80 port (ជាមួយ។ matching server name, path to webroot, និងណាមួយ តម្លៃសំខាន់ៗ you need). Alternatively, you can copy the server block for 80 port, then paste it below, update the port and add the necessary SSL-related directives.

Choose the server block:

Below you can find a server block for របស់​អ្នក Nginx version.

ចំណាំ: To check your Nginx version, run this command:

sudo nginx -v

ចំណាំ: Replace the file names values, like your_domain_chain.crt, in the server block with your details, and modify the routes to them using/ ផ្លូវ / ទៅ /.

  • Server block for Nginx version 1.14 and below:

ម៉ាស៊ីនមេ {
ស្តាប់ ៨០៨០;
ssl on;
ssl_certificate /path/to/certificate/your_domain_chain.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /path/to/your_private.key;
root /path/to/webroot;
server_name your_domain.com;
}

ចំណាំ: You can specify multiple hostnames in such configuration, if needed, e.g.:

ម៉ាស៊ីនមេ {
ស្តាប់ ៨០៨០;
ssl on;
ssl_certificate /path/to/certificate/your_domain_chain.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /path/to/your_private.key;
root /path/to/webroot;
server_name your_domain.com www.your_domain.com;
}

Server block for Nginx version 1.15 and above:

ម៉ាស៊ីនមេ {
ស្តាប់ 443 ssl;
ssl_certificate /path/to/certificate/your_domain_chain.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /path/to/your_private.key;
root /path/to/webroot;
server_name your_domain.com;
}

  • ssl_certificate should be pointed to the file with combined certificates you created earlier in the section “Combine all the certificates into a single file"ខាងលើ។
  • ssl_certificate_key should be pointed to the Private Key that was generated with the CSR code.

សំខាន់: For either a ពហុដែនវិញ្ញាបនប័ត្រអក្សរជំនួស, you’ll need to have a separate server block added for each of the domain/subdomain included in the Certificate. Ensure you specify the domain/subdomain in question along with the paths to the same Certificate files in the server block, as described above.

Once the corresponding server block is added to the file, ensure you save the edits. Then, you can double-check the changes made with the following steps.

Run this command to verify that the configuration file syntax is ok:

sudo nginx -t

If you receive errors, double-check that you followed the guide properly. Feel free to contact our livechat Support Team if you have any questions.

Here’s the tip: to find the error logs for troubleshooting, just run:

sudo nginx -T | grep ‘error_log’
In case none of the files mentioned exist, files are commented out or if no error log files are specified, default system log should be checked:
tail /var/log/nginx/error.log -n 20

If the server displays the test successfully, restart Nginx with this command to apply the changes:

sudo nginx -s reload

Now your SSL Certificate is installed. You can check the installation នៅ​ទីនេះ.

កំណត់សំគាល់សំខាន់ៗ:

Sometimes, after installing SSL file that was combined using a command line, you may receive ‘Nginx/Apache error: 0906D066:PEM routines:PEM_read_bio:bad end line’ error message, in this case, the workaround can be found in the reference guide.

Another common issue on this stage is the ‘Nginx SSL: error:0B080074:x509 certificate routines: X509_check_private_key:key values mismatch’ error message.

4) Configure HTTPS redirect

We suggest that you install the redirect from HTTP to HTTPS. That way, your website visitors will only be able to access the secure version of your site.

To do this, you’ll need to add one line to the configuration file with the server block for port 80.

គន្លឹះ:

You can use one of the following commands to look up the configuration files which are enabled now:

sudo nginx -T | grep -iw “configuration file”
sudo nginx -T | grep -iw “include”

The default paths to the conf file are:

on RHEL-based Linux OS: /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
on Debian-based Linux OS: /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default

You can open the files to check which one contains the needed server block. For this, run:

sudo nano name_of_the_file

Once you find the file that contains the server block for port 80 (the default HTTP port), add in the following line:

ត្រឡប់ ១២៧ https://$server_name$request_uri;

ចំណាំ: The above redirect rule should be entered as the last line in the server block.

  • ត្រឡប់មកវិញ is the main directive to use.
  • 301 is permanent redirect (302 is the temporary one).
  • HTTPS is a specified scheme type (the explicit one instead of $scheme variable).
  • $server_name variable will use the domain specified in the server_name directive.
  • $request_uri variable is used to match the paths to the requested pages/parts of the website (everything after the domain name).

Here are examples of server blocks with the HTTPS redirect:

Permanent redirect to HTTPS

ម៉ាស៊ីនមេ {
ស្តាប់ ៨០៨០;
server_name your_domain.com www.your_domain.com;
return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

Permanent redirect to HTTPS non-www

ម៉ាស៊ីនមេ {
ស្តាប់ ៨០៨០;
server_name your_domain.com www.your_domain.com;
return 301 https://your_domain.com$request_uri;
}

Permanent redirect to HTTPS www

ម៉ាស៊ីនមេ {
ស្តាប់ ៨០៨០;
server_name your_domain.com www.your_domain.com;
return 301 https://www.your_domain.com$request_uri;
}

Temporary redirect to HTTPS non-www

ម៉ាស៊ីនមេ {
ស្តាប់ ៨០៨០;
server_name your_domain.com www.your_domain.com;
return 302 https://your_domain.com$request_uri;
}